Like any other muscle in the body, heart muscle also requires adequate supply of blood in order to deliver proper functioning of the organ. Moreover, heart is a major organ which is involved in pumping the required quantity of blood to all parts of the body. When any one or more coronary arteries get narrowed or blocked, it impairs proper functioning of the heart, especially when the person is exercising. It then causes the heart patient to experience chest pain which is medically termed as angina. Along with shortness of breath, this pain may also spread to other areas of the body including arms, neck and shoulders. This condition in medical terms is known as coronary artery disease or atherosclerotic heart disease.
What is Coronary Artery Disease?
Also known as atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease generally refers to narrowing or blockages of coronary arteries which carry oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. Globally, coronary artery disease is recognized as a major cause of illness and death. Coronary artery disease normally happens due to accumulation of cholesterol within the inner walls of the blood vessels. This buildup which is known as plaque substantially reduces flow of blood to the heart muscle. Signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease are shortness of breath, chest pain known as angina pectoris, myocardial infarction or heart attack. Coronary artery disease is the most common type of heart disease occurring among the population of United States and is responsible for about 370,000 deaths each year.
Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease
Risk factors for coronary artery disease are basically conditions which have the potential to develop plaque within the coronary arteries so as to narrow or block these blood vessels. Factors which put a person at increased risk of developing coronary artery disease include smoking, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure (hypertension) and family history of cardiac problems, including strokes and heart attacks. Moreover, since stroke, peripheral artery disease and coronary artery disease share the same risk factors, having any one of these three diseases largely increases risk of developing others.
Treatment Options for Coronary Artery Disease
Initial treatment options for coronary artery disease usually revolve around reducing risk factors with help of diet, exercise, lifestyle changes and medications. However, when coronary artery disease progresses and fails to benefit from nonsurgical treatment, it may become essential to perform surgical operations. The most common types of interventional procedures which are applied as treatment for coronary artery disease includes coronary angioplasty with stent placement and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
- Coronary Angioplasty with Stent Placement – Because this procedure is minimally invasive in nature, it is sometimes considered nonsurgical. Coronary angioplasty with stent placement is performed by cardiac surgeons who access the coronary artery with help of a long and thin tube known as catheter. Most often this catheter is inserted through the patient’s blood vessel located in the arm or the groin and threaded to the heart. Many types of catheters and balloons are available for treating buildup of plaque within the blood vessels. However, it is the cardiac surgeon who will determine as to which is the best type of treatment for a patient.
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery – CABG surgery is commonly performed nowadays as treatment for severely narrowed or blocked coronary arteries. This is an excellent surgical intervention which bypasses the narrowed or blocked segment of the blood vessel in order to effectively restore normal flow of blood to the heart muscle. Graft blood vessels which are used for CABG surgery usually come from the patient’s own body from locations like the leg, arm or chest. These blood vessel grafts are subsequently utilized for going around the clogged segment of the coronary artery so as to create new pathways for blood to reach the heart muscle.
Undergo the Best CABG Surgery in India with Travcure
Undergoing CABG surgery in India with Travcure Medical Tourism is an excellent opportunity for heart patients from all around the world who are seeking good quality of affordable healthcare services. Associated with top cardiac surgeons and the best accredited heart hospitals in the country, cardiac treatment packages offered by Travcure are the most competitive in comparison with others. Seamless services offered by Travcure are impeccable and patients usually can also avail a free online consultation before embarking on their healthcare journey.