HEPATITIS-A AND ITS TREATMENT IN INDIA

Liver is the largest internal organ in our body, it is highly essential for the normal functioning of the human body.it performs many tasks such as:

  • Production and storage of vitamins.
  • Control of insulin levels (sugar levels).
  • It also controls production of many hormones which are highly. essential for the normal functioning of the human body.
  • Secretion of bile which helps in the digestion.
  • Filters the blood.

HEPATITIS-A is one of the most common liver diseases caused by the Hepatitis A virus and prolonged exposure to this disease leads to CIRRHOSIS leading to a liver surgery and liver transplant in India is very well known but let us talk about the current topic i.e Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is the case where the liver is enlarged beyond its normal size, this means that it has been either infected or injured and thus has an effect on its performance.

SYMPTOMS:

Children who are under the age of 7 may not show any symptoms but children above the age of 7 and other adults will have symptoms which are similar to that of a flue. Some of the symptoms are listed below:

  • Tiredness
  • Diarrhea
  • Jaundice
  • Light colored stool
  • Muscle aches
  • fever
  • loss of appetite
  • abdominal pains
  • Dark colored urine

 

REASONS:

Anybody can fall victim to hepatitis A, but these are the several reasons due to which gets hepatitis A:

  • Living with someone who is currently a Hepatitis patient.
  • Travelling to under developed countries.
  • Usage of illegal drugs.
  • Drinking untreated water or eating food that is washed in untreated water.
  • Eating food made by an infected person who did not wash his hands after using the bath room.
  • Having close personal contact with an infected person such as thorough sex.
  • Also, men having sex with other men are most likely to get Hepatitis A.

NON REASONS:

  • Being coughed on or sneezed upon by an infected person.
  • Sitting next to an infected person.
  • Hugging an infected person.
  • Breast feeding.

 DIAGNOSIS/IDENTIFICATION:

Hepatitis is diagnosed through a blood test where a sample is collected from the veins of a person and it is sent to the lab for examination.

TREATMENT:

hepatitis A usually gets cured in a few weeks even without treatment, however one can get medication from a doctor to reduce the severity of the symptoms. One should be careful for the duration of six months and should not do anything that puts his/her liver in danger otherwise he/ she will be a victim of CIRRHOSIS and should undergo liver transplantation.The hepatitis can be cured by using injections as well as it can be prevented in the childhood stage by using pediatric vaccine where in a small quantity of the virus in inserted into the body which helps the body to develop immunity towards the virus and fight it off in the future however it does not work if the subject is already infected with the virus.

COST OF HEPATITIS A TREATMENT: 

The medication for Hepatitis A in India is produced only by two companies and it is in the form of an injection.Here is a list of those injections along with their approximate prices. Please note that the prices may vary depending upon the local taxes and the prices given below are not an exact figure but extracts from the database of mediIndia.

Name Of Medicine Producer Price
AVAXIM Aventis Pasteur India ltd Rs.928
AVAXIM 80u paediatric Aventis Pasteur India ltd Rs.915
HAVRIX Glaxo Smithkline Pharmaceuticals Rs.1360
HAVRIX 360 Glaxo Smithkline Pharmaceuticals Rs .720
HAVRIX 720 Glaxo Smithkline Pharmaceuticals Rs .906

PREVENTION:

Hepatitis A is the mildest of the Hepatitis series viruses which range from A to E. However, it can turn into liver cancer , cirrhosis and also lead to death and it must be prevented in the childhood stage itself. this can be done through vaccination. this vaccination is done in two stages namely initial dose and the final one after a time period of 6 months. The centers for disease control and prevention have recommended the following individuals to take the vaccination

  • All children at  the age of 1, or older children who did not receive the vaccine at that age
  • All the Laboratory workers who may come in contact with the hepatitis A virus
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People with plans to travel to those areas of the world with high rates of hepatitis A
  • People who use illegal drugs either injected or non-injected
  • People who receive treatment with clotting-factor concentrates
  • People with chronic liver disease