In this article, we will talk about acne, the common skin problem faced by most of the people now – a-days.
What is acne?
Acne, also known as Acne Vulgaris, is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.
Human skin has pores (tiny holes) which are connected to oil glands. The glands are then connected to the pores via follicles – small canals which result in producing Sebum, an oily liquid. With the help of the follicles, the sebum then carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin and when these follicles get blocked, pimples grows resulting in an addition of oil under the skin. It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring.
The problem of acne is nowadays prevalent in many countries like India, Russia, China, South Africa etc. In India problem of acne has been increased in the metro cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore because of pollution.
Presently, New Delhi, Capital of India, is one of the four most polluted cities in the world and most of the people residing in Delhi are struggling with skin disease. Also, it is quite surprising to know that the boys are more prone to acne than girls.
Due to this youngster prefer visiting a reputed skin specialist in Delhi for proper and timely treatment as many times damage to the skin once done is irreversible.
Basically, Acne affects the areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back.
According to the Scientists from the Washington University School of Medicine, bacteria growth is one of the reasons of developing acne.
Basically, sweat and dead skin are the common outcomes of heat, which block the oil glands, becoming a major cause of bacteria growth.
There is four major location in Delhi wherein you can find the best dermatologist in and around Delhi.
You may find best clinics and skin specialist in South Delhi who are best in their domain and has an ability to offer high successful rates.
Whereas skin specialist in East Delhi is numerous in the number who provide skin treatment in an affordable rate. Doctors are highly qualified and promise to deliver the promisingly satisfying result.
Skin specialist in West Delhi are known for their professionalism and the clinics and hospitals are highly equipped with latest technologies and equipment.
You might also like to know about how acne which affects the ages of the people.
How acne is affecting all the ages of the people?
Dermatologists (skin specialists) say that approximately three-quarters of 11 to 30-year-olds will get acne at some time.
Though acne affects both man and woman of all the ages, mostly young man suffer from acne because of testosterone, which is present in higher quantities in the young man.
According to Brown University, USA, approximately 17 million Americans are estimated to have acne at any one time.
What causes acne?
Experts believe that the primary cause is a rise in androgen levels – androgen is a type of hormone. Androgen levels rise with the age.
Rising androgen levels make the oil glands to grow under the skin; the enlarged gland produces more oil.
Excessive sebum causes bacteria to grow by breaking down cellular walls.
Some studies indicate that a susceptibility to acne could also be genetic. Some medications that contain androgen and lithium may cause acne. Greasy cosmetics may cause acne in some susceptible people. Hormone changes during pregnancy may cause acne either to develop for the first time or to recur.
According to a new study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the diet high in glycemic index foods and dairy products is now linked to acne.
Types of acne pimples:
Human skin has pores (tiny holes) which connect to oil glands located under the skin. The glands are connected to the pores via follicles – small canals. These glands produce Sebum, an oily liquid. The sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin.
- Whiteheads – They are like blackheads, very small and mostly appear on the nose, cheeks, and forehead. Moreover, whiteheads are more common in the acne-prone skin because the cells lining the pores are stickier, thereby blocking pores.
- Blackheads – clearly visible, they are black and appear on the surface of the skin.
Usually, a blackhead is not caused by dirt. Scrubbing your face
vigorously when you see blackheads will not help.
- Pustules – They are red at their base and have pus at the top
- Nobules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid pimples. They are painful and are embedded deep in the skin
- Cysts – They are filled with pus and are sometimes painful. Risk factors for developing a cyst are related to the underlying causes of the cyst formation.
Though acne is not dangerous, it can leave skin scars. It can also affect psychologically and among the teenager, it can cause depression to some extent.
In most cases, acne can be controlled and sometimes cured with treatment which also involves prescribed medicines.
So, it is better to consult the skin specialist rather ignoring it.