Introduction to IVF

 

IVF

IVF

 

“IVF” the In Vitro Fertilization is a technique which is originally a “test-tube baby” technique. This technique was developed more than 30 years ago for the treatment of women who had damaged fallopian tubes, this problem remains an important reason for treatment today.

This is a unique technique wherein the egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body in a glass dish called as Vitro. The process involves continuous monitoring the women’s ovulatory process. Thus, the ovum is removed from the woman’s ovaries when the woman is ovulating. Thereafter the ovum can get fertilized with the help of a sperm in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilized egg is then cultured for approximately two to six days in a growth medium with proper temperature and is then transferred to the same woman’s uterus with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. However, this procedure is a natural conceiving procedure. But not every embryo implants to become a pregnancy. And this is the reason why surplus embryos are frozen. Therefore, subsequent transfers are tried if the first try fails. Freezing is an important part of almost every clinic.

IN Vitro Fertilization starts with a course of hormone therapy which helps the development and growth of multiple follicles in the ovary. Post which the eggs are then collected in laboratory dish called as the Vitro. Thereafter the eggs are then fertilized in the laboratory dish to create multiple embryos. They are then transferred to the incubator with proper temperature. After the stipulated time that is two to six days in the incubator. One or two embryos are transferred into the women’s body through the vagina. The implantation and pregnancy occur in the uterus. However, IVF as in natural conception not every embryo results to pregnancy. And this is the reason why surplus embryos are frozen. Therefore, subsequent transfers are tried if the first try fails. Freezing is an important part of almost every clinic.

Here is the list of the best IVF Centres in Bangalore with their cost of treatment of the above mentioned IVF procedures.

How does In Vitro Fertilization works

In Vitro Fertilization begins with a course of hormone therapy which helps to stimulate the development and growth of several follicles in the ovary.  These eggs are then collected in a laboratory dish. These eggs are then fertilized to create multiple embryos. After the stipulated time that is two to six days in the incubator one or two embryos are transferred to the women’s body through the vagina to the uterus. This is the place where implantation occurs and pregnancy begins. Thus the frozen technique is used as discussed already. Do not get afraid while reading the stages of Ivf treatment. The leading Ivf centres in Chennai  are excellent in advanced treatment of IVF

Procedure

Detailed procedure is discussed below:

Step 1:  Super ovulation

There are medicines called fertility drugs which are given to the women to boost the egg production in a women’s body. Normally a woman produces one egg per month. These fertility drugs help the women produce multiple eggs in a month. During this month, the women will undergo regular check-up which will include transvaginal ultrasound. This is done to examine the ovaries. Also, blood tests are done which is done to check hormone levels.

Step 2: Egg retrieval

The women undergo a minor surgery called follicular aspiration. This procedure removes the eggs from the women’s body. The women will be given medicines in order to make the procedure painless. The ultrasound images are used as a guide, a thin needle is inserted through the vagina and into the ovary containing the eggs.  There might be some cramping during the procedure however the pain goes away in a day.

Step 3: insemination and fertilization

At this stage, the man’s sperm is placed with the best quality eggs. This procedure of mixing the sperm and the egg is called insemination. The mixture is stored in an environmentally controlled chamber. The sperm enters the egg after few hours of insemination. The doctors then monitor and in case the doctor thinks the chance of fertilization is low. Then the sperm will be directly injected into the egg.

Step 4: Embryo culture

When the fertilised egg divides then it becomes an embryo. Within five days the embryo will have several cells that will divide actively and rapidly.

Step 5: Embryo transfer

After the embryo culture procedure, the embryo is placed in the women’s womb. The doctor will insert a thin tube which has the embryo into the woman’s vagina. If the embryo implants on the wall of the womb, then it results in pregnancy. There are possibilities of more than one embryo being a place which may result in twins, triplets or more.

After the procedure

After the embryo is transferred successfully in the women’s womb. The woman is asked to rest for few days. The patient must take daily shots or pills of the hormone progesterone for eight to ten weeks after the embryo has been transferred into the woman’s body. This helps the lining of the womb to thicken.

Risks involved

The following risks are involved in this procedure:

  • Multiple births
  • Premature delivery and low birth weight
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • Miscarriage
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Birth Defects
  • Ovarian cancer etc.

The success rate of IVF treatment in India is quite high due to which many people visit this country for treatment. There are multiple IVF clinics which provide this treatment. You are assured of high-quality treatment at affordable cost at some of the best IVF centers in Hyderabad.