In vitro fertilization is the test-tube baby technique. It was invented in the year 1978 for the ladies who had damaged fallopian tubes and so could not conceive naturally. In this treatment, the eggs and sperms are mixed together manually outside the woman’s body and the resulted embryo is transferred to the womb. This treatment has realized the dream of millions of infertile couples and made them proud parents.
How does IVF work?
IVF treatment begins with hormone therapy to stimulate the ovaries to produce more eggs. These eggs are collected and later fertilized in a test tube by mixing them with the sperm of your partner to create several embryos. After around two to five days in an incubator, one or two of these embryos are transferred to the uterus through the vagina, where implantation occurs which leads to pregnancy. However, in IVF as in natural conception, not every embryo implants to become a pregnancy, which is why excess embryos are frozen – so that a subsequent transfer might be tried if the first one fails. Freezing is now an important part of every clinic’s IVF program.
What is ICSI treatment?
Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection is a treatment during which a single sperm is injected into an egg to fertilize it. This fertilized embryo is then transferred to the uterus of the potential mother. The procedure for ICSI is the same as IVF, the only difference is that in the IVF process the fertilization is induced in a dish, while in ICSI the physician selects the best sperm from a sample and injects it into a single egg. ICSI is the most successful form of fertility treatment which forms almost half of all allied means of reproduction methods.
Cost of IVF treatment in India
- Rates for preliminary IVF treatment:
For single IVF session, the average cost of treatment is approximately Rs. 250000.00. It is possible that the rate can go up to Rs. 450000.00 for one treatment cycle.
- Rates for advanced treatments:
If a patient requires advanced assistance in IVF, the cost can go up. For example, an ICSI treatment will need an additional Rs. 150000.00 to Rs. 250000.00. Frozen Embryo Transfer procedure will cost a patient about Rs. 120000.00 apart from the IVF cost.
All the major metros in India have top IVF centers and doctors to provide this treatment at high success rate. The price may vary from clinic to clinic but the IVF cost in Delhi is quite affordable and has many plans available to suit all pockets.
ICSI treatment cost in India
ICSI procedure requires the use of specialized tools and processes. The cost of the procedure is around Rs.120000.00. It covers the cost of the basic ICSI procedure, tests, and scans prescribed during the procedure but it does not include the cost of medicines.
IVF success depends on many factors including age, height, weight, BMI, ovarian reserve tests, sperm count, reproductive history (e.g. the number of pregnancies, miscarriages, etc.), and clinical diagnoses.
Your doctor will counsel you on the medical options that are right for you. They apply their clinical experience, intuition, and knowledge gained from his/her own clinic’s data when reviewing your cumulative health history, financial situation, and socio-emotional condition. Your doctor will consider all of this information when designing the treatment plan.
For the treatment to be a success, the IVF clinics play a major role. It is necessary for the clinic to have world-class infrastructure and the latest technology with hi-tech IVF laboratories. The best IVF center in Pune have all these properties making it a sought after place for people suffering from fertility issues.
Difference between an IVF and surrogacy
IVF procedure explained in easy steps
Steps of IVF procedure:
- The woman is tested for FSH level between 2 to 3 days of the menstrual cycle.
If the level is normal, she is prescribed ovulation-stimulating drugs and exogenous FSH to produce an egg. This leads to maturation of more than one egg.
Follicular imaging is carried out on the 10th-12th day. It may require multiple sessions to see the size of the matured egg.
When the size of the egg is 18-20 micrometer, it is extracted. Usually, more than 1 egg matures which increases the chance of success of IVF. All matured egg are extracted.
Meanwhile, the husband has been asked to undergo a semen analysis. If everything is fine, he is asked to provide a semen specimen.
This specimen is washed, analyzed and the sperms are grown in a nutrient media. The best sperms are selected.
When both, the egg along with the sperm are ready, they are introduced in a medium with chemicals which enhance the capacity to fuse. Multiple eggs can form into multiple embryos on fusion.
When the embryo is formed, it is planted in the uterus after 2 to 5 days. Generally, a couple of embryos are considered for implantation.
These embryos then attach themselves to the uterine lining. There is a 20-30% chance of implantation. This is why multiple embryos are used.
Once implanted, the pregnancy begins.
In surrogacy, the steps are the same till the 7th step but the embryo formed is not placed in the mother’s uterus but is transferred to another woman’s womb called surrogate. The surrogate will carry your baby in her womb for 9 months and once it is born it will be handed over to the parents.
What is surrogacy?
Surrogacy is a concept which means a substitute womb. When there is an issue in a female’s uterus which doesn’t allow it to conceive or carry the baby in the womb, then the embryo formed from the process of IVF is planted into the womb which doesn’t belong to the mother. So in spite of contributing the egg, the biological mother does not carry the baby in her womb, it is carried by another lady.
IVF is a costly procedure with 30-40% success rate.Though the IVF centre in Hyderabad provide treatment at a very economic cost. However, it provides hope to a lot of infertile couples.