Blood Cancer

blood-cancer

This digital illustration depicts a cancer cell in the blood stream. Cancer can spread through the body either through the bloodstream or through the lymph nodes, which makes it very difficult to treat. The cancer cells break away from the primary tumour and can spread through the bloodstream forming secondary tumours in other organs, this process is called metastasis.

When i was a kid i always use to linger around here and there, i use to play outdoor games with my friend in the park. But a very fine day for the first time i saw an old lady without hair, i kept on wondering; is it a new fashion trend? Just because the trend keeps on changing, sometimes the trend is to colour your hair, or sometimes chop all your hair from side and keep the upper portion and many more. I use to observe that lady sitting on a bench and crying all day alone. I also felt bad for her and question arises in my mind whether to help out the lady and ask her why is she so sad? I was not so strong to go and talk to an unknown person.

But one day with a strong intention i went and talked with her. I asked her why she continuously kept on crying. She answered “I am suffering from blood cancer.” My world got shattered within those few seconds. She also added that it is just because of its treatment she is completely bald. I can’t even wonder any of my family members going through it.cancer is the major disease found commonly in many people and causes great impact on life. As India is highly rich in medical research and technology and now playing a vital role in medical tourism.By choosing best cancer hospital in India it will be easy to cure cancer. If you all are also worried about your family members just read this article further. The best hospitals for treatment in India are cancer hospitals in Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore etc.

Firstly understand what is blood cancer?

  • Blood cancer is a basic term for cancer that mainly affects the blood, bone marrow as well as the lymphatic system
  • Moreover, large number of people, gets affected with it, at an interval of every 20 minutes
  • Blood cancer mainly affects the function and the production of blood cells
  • Three types of blood cells gets produced, when the bone marrow in your stem cell matures; they are RBC , WBC or the platelets
  • The development of normal blood cell is interrupted by uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in most of the blood cancers
  • As a result, these abnormal blood cells, prevents your blood from performing its function such as fighting from disease or infections or preventing it through serious bleeding

There are different types of blood cancers and they are as follows:-

  • Leukemia:-it is a type of cancer that originates in the tissue that forms blood Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: lymphocyte is a type of cancer that develops in the lymphatic system from the cells. A kind of white cell that allows the body to fight the infections
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma:-lymphocyte is a type of cancer that develops in the lymphatic system from the cells. A kind of white cell that allows the body to fight the infections
  • Hodgkin lymphoma:-as discussed above lymphocytes is the same, there is just a minor difference in it. Hodgkin lymphoma is marked by the presence of an abnormal lymphocyte called the Reed-Sternberg cell (or B lymphocyte)
  • Multiple myeloma:-cancer that develops in the cells of blood plasma, is a type of WBC that are made in bone marrow.

Here in this article, we will be dealing with the first type of cancer i.e. Leukemia

What Is Leukemia?

  • Leukemia is a type of blood cells, that deals widely with the categories, which all include RBC, WBC and the platelets
  • More commonly it is called as cancer of WBC
  • WBC is the integral part of a human’s immune system. They protect our body from the attack of bacteria, virus and fungi along with the abnormal cells and any other foreign substances
  • If a person is suffering from leukaemia, then there are possibilities that their WBC don’t work normally as it is supposed to
  • If a person is suffering from leukaemia, then there are possibilities that their WBC don’t work normally as it is supposed to
  • Bone marrow has the tendency to produce WBC, but there are certain types of WBC that are made in lymph nodes, spleen and thymus gland
  • Once these WBC are formed, they circulate throughout the body in blood and lymph

What are the risk Factors for Leukemia?

The cause of leukemia is still unknown. However, there are many leading factors that are identified, which may increase your risk. These include:

  • Leukemia in genes
  • Smoking: it increases your risk of developing AML
  • genetic disorders such as Down syndrome
  • genetic disorders such as Down syndrome
  • blood disorders, such as myelodysplastic syndrome, which sometimes called “preleukemia
  • earlier treatment of cancer with chemotherapy or radiation
  • exposure to high levels of radiation
  • exposure to harsh chemicals such as benzene

What are its Symptoms?

  • Night sweats ( sweating at night during sleep)
  • weakness that don’t go away with rest
  • weight loss
  • pain in joints
  • painless, swollen lymph nodes (especially in the neck and armpits)
  • enlargement of the liver or spleen
  • bleeding and bruising easilyredness on skin, called petechiae
  • fever
  • regular infections

Treating Leukemia

Doctor specialized in blood disorder and cancer say that treatment of cancer totally depends upon the stage of cancer. However, its treatment involves the following treatment:

  • Chemotherapy:-it kills all the drugs, depending upon its type, whether you take single drug or its combination
  • Radiation therapy:-it uses high energy radiation to destroy all the cancer cells and to stop their growth in the body. It can be applied to a particular area or to an entire body