Ischemic Stroke

Talking about stroke in the world’s population, approximately 7, 00,000 strokes occur every year, which is mainly caused due to blockage in the flow of blood. This blockage is caused due to lack of blood flow to many sections of the brain. As a result, it may cause brain injury, in medical terms it is called as Ischemia, which simply means lack of blood. At the time of stroke, there can be damage in the brain, in more than one area of expectation. Depending upon the affected area,a person may lose its ability to move that part of the body, they can hinder their speech, their eyesight, and many other functions. This kind of damage can be permanent or it might be temporary, and they may even lose it completely. Brain is referred to as an integral part of the body, an individual’s long term outcome basically depends upon the percentage of their damaged brain, quick treatment and many other factors.

Strokes are known for its long lasting injury, disability and eventual death. Early precautions and constructive measures can decrease the risk of brain damage that results in stroke.

What is a stroke?


  1. Stroke occurs when the blood vessel is ruptured in the brain or when the blood gets clot.
  2. Treatment of stroke works to open the blockage.
  3. Medical technologies have improved itself for the survival rates at its time of treatment during the last decade.
  4. But the chances of saving life are even better, if it is addressed and treated on time.
  5. This section will figure out some of the possible ways, in order to prevent and treat stroke.

What are its Symptoms?


Check out these signs and symptoms, if you think you are dealing with it or someone else may become its victim, then read on carefully. Keep a note on your symptom, because as the length of your disorder increases, the time of your treatment also gets delayed.

  1. Trouble with speech and understanding: You may stay confused all the time. You may blabber your words or find difficult to understand others speech
  2. Paralysis or numbness of the face, arm or leg: You may develop sudden numbness, weakness or paralysis in your face, arm or leg, especially on one side of your body. Try to pull both your hands above your head simultaneously. If one arm starts to come back at the resting position, you may be having a stroke. At the same time, one side of your mouth may shiver when you smile
  3. Trouble with eyesight: You may suddenly have darkness in front of your vision in both the eyes, or your vision may double up
  4. Headache: A sudden, severe headache, may arise accompanied by vomiting, dizziness may be an indication of a stroke.
  5. Trouble while walking: You may stumble or experience imbalance while walking or you run out of co-ordination
  6. When to consult a doctor: If you notice any of the above signs or symptoms of a stroke, Seek immediate medical attention by acting fast and doing the following things:

Face: Does the person drops his one side, when he/she smiles?

Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. If the person is not able to do then he might have a stroke.

Speech: Ask the person to speak a simple sentence. Is his or her speech slurred or strange?

Time: If you observe any of these signs, call a doctor or emergency help immediately. Every minute counts. Don’t wait for the symptoms to go away on its own. The longer a stroke remains untreated, greater is the potential for the brain to get damage and disable

Causes


  1. A stroke occurs when the supply in your brain gets stuck up or gets interrupted.
  2. This keeps your brain devoid of oxygen as well as nutrients, which may cause heavy damage to your brain cells and they may even die.
  3. The stroke may be a result of blocked artery (ischemic stroke) or bursting of a blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke).
  4. Many people may complaint only a temporary disruption in their passage of blood to their brain.

Risk associated with stroke


There are numerous factors that might increase your stroke risk. Basically treatable risk factors for stroke include:

  1. Being overweight or obese
  2. Physical inactivity
  3. Heavy drinking
  4. Use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines

It is always necessary to discuss the complications with your doctor