Back pain is one of the common problems which many of us face now-a-days. Anyone can get back pain, including children’s and teens. We often tend to ignore back pain; however, this can have severe impact on your day to day activities, if left untreated. Many people complain about lower back pain, which may indicate problems with one or more parts of the lower back, which includes ligaments, nerves, muscles, spinal cord, etc. If you are struggling with back pain there are many treatments available which can help you to get rid of back pain. You can also follow some simple measures at home which would help to prevent or relieve most of the back pain.
There are many causes of back pain, make sure that you meet your doctor if you are suffering from continuous back pain that does not go away easily. You can also consult a medical counselor online, where all your queries related to back pain or any other medical problems are answered. Here you can also get information on Hair transplant in Mumbai and Hair Transplant cost in Mumbai. This will help you to get better treatment at an affordable cost.
What are the causes of back pain?
- Strain :You often get back pain when your muscles and ligaments are strained. Sudden awake ward movement, incorrect lifting of heavy objects or too much activity can cause strain. For e.g.:- playing a sport or a few hours of yard work can cause stiffness and soreness.
- Arthritis:Disorders like Osteoarthritis can affect your lower back. Arthritis in the spine can also narrow the space around your spinal cord. This condition is known as stenosis.
- Osteoporosis:It is a medical condition caused by loss of tissue in which your bones become brittle and fragile. If your bones become fragile and brittle your spine vertebrae might develop compression fractures.arthritis and joint pain.
- Skeletal irregularities:You can get back pain if your spine curves abnormally. Your spine curves to the side in a condition known as Scoliosis.
- Ruptures or bulging disks:Disk injury is one of the common causes of back pain. These disks act as a cushion between the vertebrae. These disks contain soft material inside it, which might rupture or bulge and press on a nerve. However a budged or ruptured disk may not always cause back pain.
What are the symptoms of back pain?
- Stabbing or shooting pain
- Muscle aching
- Pain that radiates down the legs
- Inability to stand or sit straight
- Limited flexibility of back
Some back pain might indicate a serious problem, it is advised to see your doctor if your back pain does not improve and is getting worse day by day. Some symptoms may indicate a serious medical problem, this includes:
- Bladder problem or loss of bowel
- Onset followed by a trauma such as a fall, blow to your back or any other related injury.
- Severe back pain which doesn’t improve with rest
- Pain that extends below the knee
- Numbness, Weakness or a tingling sensation in one or both of the legs
- Back pain accompanied by unexplained weight loss
What are the risk factors associated with Back Pain?
The exact reason behind Back pain is not yet clear, however some reasons can put you at6 greater risk of developing back pain. Some of the reasons can put you at higher risk of developing back pain:
- If you are around the age of 30 or 40, this is because back pain is very common in old age.
- If your muscles are weak and inflexible, Proper exercise can make your muscles strong and healthy which helps to reduce back pain.
- If you are a female
- If you are obese or over weight
- If you are a smoker
- If you carry too much weight which puts extra stress on your back.
- If you are suffering from Psychological conditions, which includes anxiety and depression.
- Improper lifting may also increase the risk of developing back pain.
How to Diagnose Back pain?
Your doctor may recommend a physical exam. During this exam your doctor may test your ability to sit, stand and walk; he or she might also test the strength of your leg and also try to know how well you are functioning with back pain. This assessments helps your doctor to identify the exact cause of your back pain, this will also help to rule out other serious causes of back pain.
Your doctor may order for one or more of the following tests if he suspects a specific problem may be causing your back pain.
- X-ray:You often get back pain when your muscles and ligaments are strained. Sudden awake ward movement, incorrect lifting of heavy object or too much of activity can cause strain. For e.g.:- playing a sport or few hours of yard work can cause stiffness and soreness.
- Blood tests: Disorders like Osteoarthritis can affect your lower back. Arthritis in the spine can also narrow the space around your spinal cord. This condition is known as stenosis.
- EMG(Nerve studies):It is a medical condition caused by loss of tissue in which your bones become brittle and fragile. If your bones become fragile and brittle your spines vertebrae might develop compression fractures.arthritis and joint pain.
How is back pain treated?
Over the counter pain relievers- In order to get relief from back pain Nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory medications like aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen etc are used. Pain relievers like acetaminophen can also be a good option. Except for acetaminophen, it is advised to take these medicines along with food as they can irritate the stomach and cause it to bleed.
- Topical pain relievers: These are the creams or ointments that you can apply at the site of your pain.
- Narcotics:Some drugs such as hydrocodone or codeine can be used for a short period of time with close supervision of the doctor.
- Antidepressants:Low doses of antidepressants such as amitriptyline might relieve some types of chronic back pain.
- Injections:When other measures don’t work, your doctor may inject cortisone around your spinal cord, which numbs that area.
- Exercise:It is one of the easiest and cheapest ways to treat your back pain.
- Surgery:Many people suffering from back pain don’t need to go for surgery, it is only considered if the pain is very severe and if it is caused due to some structural abnormalities which do not respond to any other treatment or medicines.
Other alternative therapies include
- Progressive relaxation
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
Always consult your doctor before undergoing any alternative or complimentary treatment if you are suffering from severe back pain.